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Essential Roof Elements Are Proven To Save Your Home

Updated: Jul 18, 2023

A blue house dormer with gray asphalt shingles and white trim sits against a light blue sky

The weather outside is starting to look frightful! Pittsburgh, PA experienced the first snow of the season this week. It’s not uncommon for the first snowfall to happen in the weeks leading up to Halloween, but it sure is spooky. With snow comes the chance for water damage in your roof. However, your roof is made up of many parts to keep the rain and snow out. Roof technology is constantly improving to ensure your roof is functioning to the best of its ability. Here are the parts of your roof that protect your home from rain and snow.

Drip Edge

Your roof’s drip edge is one of its most important components. It’s a metal strip that’s installed along the edges of your roof, and its primary purpose is to keep water from seeping under your shingles and causing damage to your home. Drip edges are usually made of aluminum or galvanized steel, and they come in a variety of colors to match your home’s exterior. There are a variety of drip edge types, and Angi goes into more detail on each one.

They’re installed before your shingles are applied, and they should extend beyond the edge of your roof by at least ½ inch in order to lead water away from the side of your home. If your home doesn’t have a drip edge, or if it’s installed incorrectly, you could be facing some serious problems.

Water that seeps under your shingles can cause rot, mold, and mildew, and it can also lead to expensive repairs. Installing a drip edge is a relatively simple process, and it’s well worth the effort to protect your home. If you’re not sure how to install a drip edge, or if you need help with any other roofing issues, contact Lifetime Quality Roofing in Pittsburgh, PA, your local roofing contractor.

Ice and Water Shield

If you live in an area that experiences a lot of snow and ice in the winter, you know how important it is to have a good roofing ice and water shield. This type of shield helps to keep your roof from leaking by providing a barrier between the ice and water and your roof.

There are a few different types of roofing ice and water shield, so it's important to choose the right one for your home. One type of roofing ice and water shield is made of rubber. This type of shield is easy to install and is very effective at keeping your roof from leaking. However, it is important to note that rubber roofing ice and water shield can be damaged by ultraviolet rays, so it's important to choose a rubber that is UV-resistant.

Another type of roofing ice and water shield is made of metal. Metal roofing ice and water shield is more durable than rubber, but it is also more expensive. Metal roofing ice and water shield is also more difficult to install, so it's important to make sure you have a professional do it for you.

No matter what type of roofing ice and water shield you choose, it's important to make sure it's installed properly. If it's not installed correctly, it won't be as effective at keeping your roof from leaking. Make sure you hire a professional to install your roofing ice and water shield so you can be sure it's done right.

A roofing contractor installs gray asphalt shingles with a nail gun onto the underlayment of the roofing system

Underlayment and Roof Sheathing

Underlayment is a material that is installed between the roof deck and the shingles. It is used as a secondary barrier to water and wind damage. It is also used to provide a smooth surface for the shingles to be installed on. Underlayment is available in different materials, such as asphalt-saturated felt, rubberized asphalt, and non-asphaltic synthetic.

Asphalt-saturated felt is the most common type of underlayment. It is made of a base layer of felt that is impregnated with asphalt. The felt is then coated with a layer of asphalt to provide a waterproof barrier. Rubberized asphalt underlayment is a newer product that is made of a rubberized asphalt compound. It is more flexible and resistant to tears and punctures than traditional asphalt-saturated felt.

Non-asphaltic synthetic underlayment is made of a synthetic material, such as polypropylene or polyethylene. It is less likely to absorb water than asphalt-based underlayment, and it is also more resistant to tears and punctures.

Underlayment is an important part of the roofing system. It provides protection from the elements and creates a smooth surface for the shingles. When choosing an underlayment, consider the climate, the type of roof, and the budget.


In roofing, an eave is the edge of a roof that extends beyond the side of a building. The roof eave is what a drop edge is installed on. Eaves provide protection from the elements, including rain and snow.

Most homes have gabled roofs, which means they have two sloping sides that come to a peak, and each side has an eave. The eaves on a gabled roof are usually long and steep, and they extend beyond the walls of the building. This provides protection for the walls and the windows from the elements. Homes with hip roofs also have eaves.

A hip roof has four sloping sides, and the eaves are shorter than those on a gabled roof. They don’t extend as far beyond the walls of the building, but they still provide protection.

Dormers are a type of roofing that has a window in the eaves. They are often used to add light and ventilation to a second floor. The eaves of a roof are an important part of the roofing system. They provide protection from the elements and can be used to add light and ventilation to a home. To read more about eaves, check out this article by The Spruce.

Brown asphalt shingles on a roof with brown metal flashing outlining a dormer to keep water out of this vulnerable spot in the roof


When it comes to your roof, flashing is one of the most important components. Flashing is installed around any openings or protrusions in your roof, such as vents, skylights, and chimneys. Its purpose is to create a watertight seal that prevents water from seeping into your home.

There are two types of roof flashing: step flashing and continuous flashing. Step flashing is installed in sections, with each section overlapping the one below it. Continuous flashing, on the other hand, is a single piece of flashing that is installed along the entire length of an opening.

In order for roof flashing to be effective, it must be installed properly. This means that the flashing must be lapped correctly and that all seams must be sealed with a waterproof sealant. When hiring a roofing contractor, make sure that they are experienced in installing flashing correctly. A poorly installed flashing can lead to serious problems, such as leaks and water damage. HOMETIPS has some useful information on roof flashing for homeowners.

Why These Parts are Important

As a homeowner, you know that maintaining your roof is important. Not only does it protect your home from the elements, but it also adds to the curb appeal and resale value. But what are the benefits of roof maintenance?

A well-maintained roof lasts longer. Regular inspections and repairs will extend the life of your roof. It prevents small problems from becoming big ones. By catching issues early, you can prevent extensive damage and the need for a full roof replacement.

It saves you money. Regular roof maintenance can help you avoid costly repairs down the road. It protects your home. A strong roof is your home’s first line of defense against the elements. By keeping it in good condition, you’re helping to protect your home from water damage, wind damage, and more. It increases your home’s value. A well-maintained roof is an asset when it comes time to sell your home.

It gives you peace of mind. Knowing that your roof is in good condition can help you relax and enjoy your home. When rain and snow starts to fall, you can be sure that these essential parts of your roof are working hard to protect against water damage.

Maintaining your roof may seem like a daunting task, but it’s important for the long-term health of your home. By being proactive and addressing problems early, you can avoid major issues down the road.

It’s always best to have your roof inspection by a professional roofing company to determine the health of your roof. Things like age and weather contribute to damage to these essential parts of your roof. As snow begins falling in Pittsburgh, PA, call Lifetime Quality Roofing at 412-415-7663 to schedule your 100% free roof inspection! We’ll make sure your roof is ready for any kind of weather.

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